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الاثار السلبية لتغير المناخ

عمر كوكب الارض هو 4,5 مليار سنة بينما عمر الانسان هو 140 الف سنة تقريبا, اذا قمنا بعملية بسيطة بحيث نعتبر ان عمر الكوكب هو 24 ساعة, فسنجد انه لم يمر على وجودنا أكثر من ثلاثة ثواني… ثلاثة ثواني فقط كانت كافية لنغير الكثير في ملامح كوكبنا

ويتعرض كوكب الارض لمجموعة من الظواهر ولعل تغير المناخ من أخطرها في الوقت الراهن. تشكل هذه الظاهرة أكبر معضلة عالمية على النظام البيئي و كذا على واقع النمو الاقتصادي في العالم

تعد جهة سوس ماسة واحدة من أوجه التغيرات المناخية بالمغرب, فازدياد مواسم الجفاف, ندرة المياه, ارتفاع درجات الحرارة بالإضافة الى حدة التقلبات المناخية كلها مشاكل بيئية تعاني منها الساكنة بالجهة, ذلك لارتباطها وتأثيرها المباشر على مختلف القطاعات الحيوية. إذ تعتبر هذه الجغرافيا المتواجدة بالجنوب الغربي للمملكة واحدة من اكثر المناطق معاناتا من تغير المناخ حيث شهدت قبل شهرين حدوث فيضانات وتساقط امطار طوفانيه استثنائية وفجائية لم يسلم منها احد, هذه التساقطات كانت كافية لإسقاط قناطر ثم تشييدها قبل اشهر واتلفت طرق لم يمر على تعبيدها الا فترة قصيرة كما عانت قرى من العزلة بسبب الامطار الطوفانية الى الان… نعم الى الان وهذا موضوع شائك لا نريد ان نصوغ في احداثه الان

من وسط هذه الظروف التي تعيشها الجهة وبالضبط بمدينة سيدي افني انبثقت جمعية دار سي حماد للتنمية والثقافة, حيث دشنت هذه المؤسسة العالمية المتواجدة بالمنطقة اكبر مشروع فعال في العالم يرتكز على حصد الضباب والذي يهدف الى التقليل من حدة انعكاس تغير المناخ, تحسين البيئة المعيشية للمواطنين بالإضافة الى تشجيع استخدام تكنولوجيات الطاقة النظيفة. ويهدف هذا المشروع الأول من نوعه بإفريقيا الى تزويد ساكنة العالم القروي بالماء الصالح للشرب عن طريق شبكات بلاستيكية مصممة خصيصا لصيد الضباب

وقد صرحة بهذا الخصوص مديرة المشروع الاستاذة جميلة بركاش, بان مشروع حصد الضباب “فوك هارفيستينغ” من المشاريع القديمة والصديقة للبيئة انطلقت في دول سابقة كالشيلي وجزر الكناري, فالمبدأ الاساسي كان هو تطوير وسائل جديدة للتكيف والتأقلم مع التغيرات المناخية التي تعاني منها المنطقة. فالضغط الجوي المرتفع القادم من جزر الأسور وكذا التيار البارد الاتي من جزر الكناري يدفع السحاب نحو الجبال الباردة في الواجهة البحرية والذي يكون حاجزا طبيعيا, مشيرتا ان دار سي حماد اختارت منطقة بوتمزكيدة التي تستقبل ضبابا كثيفا ومتكررا خلال 143 يوما من السنة لإنشاء وحدات حصد الضباب. واكدت المديرة ان الشبكات البلاستيكية مصممة خصيصا لصيد الضباب بحيث تنزل قطرات الماء الناتجة عن هذه العملية لتمر عبر عدة محطات للمعالجة قبل ان يصل الماء الصالح للشرب الى المستهلك. الشيء الذي كان اكبر لحظة تحول عند النساء والرجال والاطفال حيث وصل عدد المستفيدين خلال يناير الماضي الى ثلاثة عشر قرية. حيث تم ربط المنازل بهذه المادة الحيوية لاستعمالها في الشرب والطهي, حيث تأدي الساكنة ثمنا رمزيا من اجل مصاريف الصيانة. كما نوهت المديرة بان هذا المشروع كان له جزء من جائزة الامم المتحدة حول التغيرات المناخية حيث فاز بها في اطار القمة الثانية والعشرين للمناخ التي انعقدت بمراكش بحضور الامين العام للأمم المتحدة وعدد من المشاهير العالميين

بدورها اكدت زينة أحد المستفيدات من المشروع وفي تدخل لها باللغة الامازيغية, على ان هذا الاخير كان له تأثير ايجابي على حياة الساكنة خاصة النساء, حيت يشكل الماء مصدر قلق كبير من اجل البقاء على قيد الحياة خاصتا في الشهور الجافة سواء بالنسبة للإنسان, الماشية او البيئة عموما. فعدد كبير من العائلات يهاجرون نحو المدينة, فتباع المواشي ويتلاشى الارث الثقافي والعادات والتقاليد, كما تعرف النباتات واشجار الأركان الذي تتميز به المنطقة تدهورا كبيرا نظرا لعدم الاهتمام بها وتشذيبها. وقد صرحت زينة بان المرأة تعاني اكثر من الرجل جراء الاثار السلبية لتغير المناخ, حيث انها كانت تحتاج لحوالي ثلاث ساعات يوميا لجلب المياه, لكن الان بسبب المشروع ومع تيسر الماء الشروب, اصبحت النساء يوفرن ثلاثة ساعات يوميا الشيء الذي مكنهم من التعلم والتكوين وتحسين ظروفهم وقدراتهم

يعتبر هذا المشروع نموذجا ناجحا اثر الاثار الايجابية الذي يخلفها على الساكنة والجهة, لذا نحتاج الى تعميم مثل هذه المشاريع في باقي المناطق التي تعرف انعدام او ضعف في الموارد المائية

المغرب وبالرغم من ضعفه من ناحية انبعاثات الغازات المسببة للاحتباس الحراري الى انه يعتبر من الدول التي تتأثر بشكل كبير جراء تغير المناخ. عرف المغرب خطورة تغير المناخ منذ عدة سنين حيث كان من الدول الاوائل التي صادقت على اتفاقية الامم المتحدة سنة 1995, يعتبر منطقة معروفة بالاهتمام بالتكنولوجيا لتوفير الماء و الكهرباء, كما وضع المغرب سياسات وطنية لتغير المناخ منها الخطة الوطنية لتطوير مصادر الطاقة المتجددة, الخطة الوطنية لمكافحة ظاهرة الانحباس الحراري فضلا على مخطط المغرب الاخضر كما احتضن المغرب نهاية السنة الماضية فعاليات مؤتمر الاطراف بمراكش

يعتبر تغير المناخ واحد من الاضرار السلبية التي تهدد الكوكب. فكما تسببنا في ضهور هذه المشاكل والاعراض يمكنا كذالك ان نكون جزءا من الحل لان من حقنا ومن حق الاجيال القادمة الاستفادة من الطبيعة الام دون ان نضرها

EYAs at COP22: Talking to Media

At the United Nations Climate Change conference, the Environmental Youth Ambassadors did not only had the opportunity to present and explain Dar Si Hmad (DSH) projects to hundreds of local and international visitors in our booth, but also interviewed with various media outlets including television and radios.

In the first week of the conference, our own Salma interviewed with leading Moroccan channel Al Aoula along with DSH President Dr. Aissa Derhem. Read the full story here.

Various member of the team also spoke with national radios, including Abdelhaq, Rkia and Mahdi who interviewed with Radio Plus and Medi1 Radio respectively.

COP22 was the climax of the 2016 EYA program. The Ambassadors showed great work and commitment. They “have been fantastic” as described by Dr. Jamila Bargach, Executive Director of Dar Si Hmad.

EYAs at COP22: Presenting Dar Si Hmad projects in Marrakech

On November 8th, 2016, Mahdi Lafram and Salma Edrif along with program mentor Jade Lansing led a short presentation and discussion about Dar Si Hmad with Amideast-hosted National Security Language Initiative for Youth (NSLI-Y) students in Marrakech. They talked about DSH innovative projects and their social impact in Southwest Morocco. The students were very curious and the team had an interesting conversation with this outstanding group of American youth. 

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In the same week, Friday, November 8th precisely, our own Abdelhaq Ait Boulhous and Oumhani Benhima along with program mentors Jade Lansing and Becca Farnum were invited to the American Language Center in Marrakech for a lively discussion, with nearly 15 young people, about climate change and climate action at COP22.    

During this session, the team presented Dar Si Hmad projects, including the award-winning fog harvesting project as well as the Water School, and the Environmental Youth Ambassadors program, in addition to watching various self-produced videos.

The session was opportunity to ask participants on what does climate change means to them and facilitate a group activity which aimed to define climate change and find solutions to solve this problem, while sharing their different perspective and ideas with the team.

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EYAs at COP 22: Green Zone’s Youth Agora Event

The Conference of Parties (COP22) is 2016 rendez-vous of NGOs, activists, politicians and corporations to engage in an open dialogue about potential solutions for climate change effect on our planet.

In the Green Zone gathering civil society, numerous open Agora spaces were displayed to be used by COP 22 participants as speaking points, in order to engage with a larger audience outside booths. Each Agora space has specific themes, including youth, gender, culture, academia & research, etc.

As Environmental Youth Ambassadors, we held two speaking events at the Youth Agora, to both showcase our work to a larger audience, and get to know more about the audience’s involvement in climate change resilience.

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During the two hours of each Agora event, we started by screening an introductory video, explaining the concept of the Environmental Youth Ambassadors (EYA) program and the general scope of work. We followed by an overview of Dar Si Hmad ’s work regarding environmental education, and the award-winning Fog Harvesting Project, leaving the audience to speculate about the nature of the fog project. We gathered their guesses before explaining the technology and science behind it. We discussed Fog Project as an innovative example of adaptation to water scarcity due to climate change in Southwest Morocco.

After receiving positive and admiring feedback about the fog project, we proceeded by projecting our main directed short film Being Part of the Nature that highlights the first part of our program which includes Water School and fog project visits, in addition to the media training we’ve received at Dar Si Hmad. The following screening highlighted the rest of our activities: Film & Ftour, Clean & Green, EYA Challenge, Walakin Campaign and WASH SOS Village, that serve as an example of youth-led efforts to promote climate change dialogue among the university students and youth of Southwest Morocco.

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EYA Oumhani presenting our Clean & Green event

Speaking at the Youth Agora space enabled us to emphasize on how critical it is to leverage journalism skills and social media tools for the climate change resilience cause, a point that was agreed upon by our audience of worldwide NGOs and activists gathering for the same cause, at United Nations Climate Change conference in Marrakech.

EYA at COP22: Salma Edrif on Al Aoula TV

Environmental Youth Ambassador Salma Edrif was on Al Aoula TV showcasing Dar Si Hmad for Development, Education and Culture‘s fog-harvesting project! The news segment is part of Al Aoula’s coverage of COP22. Salma is in Marrakech representing the EYAs and Ait Baamrane’s fog villages in the civil society zone of the international climate change meeting. Dar Si Hmad’s President, Aissa Derhem, also appears on the program. Check it out on the EYA YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XHortxmapMY

Salma Edrif, Jeune Ambassadeur de l Environnement était sur Al Aoula TV pour présenter le projet de collecte de brouillard de l’association Dar Si Hmad pour le Dévelopement, l Education, et la Culture. Ce passage du journal fait partie de la couverture de la COP22 par Aloula. Salma est à Marrakech étant Jeune Ambassadeur de l’Environnement et représentante des villages de brouillard d’Ait Baamrane à la zone de la société civile à la réunion internationale des changements climatiques. Le président de notre association Dar Si Hmad, Aissa Derhem, apparait aussi dans ce passage. Vous pouvez voir la vidéo sur la chaine YouTube des EYAs: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XHortxmapMY

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EYAs at Conference of Youth (COY12)

From 4th to 6th November 2016, Dar Si Hmad’s Environmental Youth Ambassadors (EYA) participated in the Conference of Youth (COY12) which took place in Marrakech, Morocco.

The Conference of Youth (COY) is a gathering of young people occurring every year before the Conference of Parties (COP). It brings together young passionate global citizens from around the world to address climate change and promote sustainable lifestyles. Under the aspiration of enhancing the exchange of experiences, knowledge and good practices in order to strengthen the international youth climate movement and implicate next generations in developing climate solutions and actions.

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Our Ambassadors had the opportunity to take part in this international event. They shared their environmental advocacy experiences with fellow participants, toke part in various workshop and conferences as well as actively networked with young people from different part of the world.

“It was nice to meet youth from different countries, talk about environmental issues in our respective nations, and try to find solutions each in our own way” confirmed Oumhani, Environmental Youth Ambassador at Dar Si Hmad and Engineering major at Ecole Nationale des Sciences Appliquées (ENSA) in Agadir.

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Stay tuned for our summary video about the EYA participation in COY12!

SDG #13: Climate Action

Climate change is now affecting every country on every continent. It is disrupting national economies and affecting lives, costing people, communities and countries dearly today and even more tomorrow.

It refers to the rise in average surface temperatures on Earth. An overwhelming scientific consensus maintains that climate change is due primarily to the human use of fossil fuels, which releases carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the air. The gases trap heat within the atmosphere, which can have a range of effects on ecosystems.

People are experiencing the significant impacts of climate change, which include changing weather patterns, rising sea level, and more extreme weather events. The greenhouse gas emissions from human activities are driving climate change and continue to rise. They are now at their highest levels in history. Without action, the world’s average surface temperature is projected to rise over the 21st century and is likely to surpass 3 degrees Celsius this century, with some areas of the world expected to warm even more. The poorest and most vulnerable people are being affected the most.

Affordable, scalable solutions are now available to enable countries to leapfrog to cleaner, more resilient economies. The pace of change is quickening as more people are turning to renewable energy and a range of other measures that will reduce emissions and increase adaptation efforts.

But climate change is a global challenge that does not respect national borders. Emissions anywhere affect people everywhere. It is an issue that requires solutions that need to be coordinated at the international level and it requires international cooperation to help developing countries move toward a low-carbon economy.

To address climate change, countries adopted the Paris Agreement at the COP21 in Paris on 12 December 2015. In the agreement, all countries agreed to work to limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius, and given the grave risks, to strive for 1.5 degrees Celsius.  

As for the 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP22 ) to the UNFCCC it  is scheduled to take place from 7-18 November 2016 in Marrakech, Morocco. During COP 22, parties will, inter alia, begin preparations for entry into force of the Paris Agreement which is essential for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, and provides a roadmap for climate actions that will reduce emissions and build climate resilience.

The thirteenth Sustainable Development Goal aims to “Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts” through a list of targets which countries need to take ownership of and define the specific responsibilities and targets befalling them.

  • Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate related hazards and natural disasters in all countries.
  • Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies, and planning.
  • Improve education, awareness raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction, and early warning.
  • Implement the commitment undertaken by developed country Parties to the UNFCCC to a goal of mobilizing jointly USD100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible.
  • Promote mechanisms for raising capacities for effective climate change-related planning and management, in LDCs, including focusing on women, youth, local and marginalized communities.

Dar Si Hmad understands that the education of the younger generations is one of the main causes of climate change. Hence the idea of the Water School was established, so as to remove this issue from its roots.

The Water School uses environmental concerns to engage rural communities in experiential, life-changing learning. Children aged 7-13 in southwest Morocco’s Aït Baamrane region learn about the societal and natural realities of their world, expanding their capacities for and understandings of global change.

The establishment of the Water School came after launching the world’s largest operational Fog-Harvesting system located in Aït Baamrane in Southwest Morocco. The system includes 600 m2 of nets that harvest fresh water from fog, serving more than 400 rural Berber residents, the majority of them women. Rural women in these villages once held the frequently burdensome role of fetching water. Having water piped directly into their homes means that residents no longer need to travel long distances for potable water. By controlling the household water supply and monitoring the fog system, women continue to maintain power as water guardians.

Dar Si Hmad Fog-Harvesting project is one of 13 winners of the United Nations Momentum for Change award. The project has been awarded the prize under the Women for Results focus area which showcase women-led initiatives that address climate change.

Last but certainly not least, Environmental Youth Ambassadors (EYA), an environmental education and advocacy program. The aim of this project is to allow young Moroccans to use visual storytelling and environmental journalism to advocate for environmental issues in southwest Morocco on a local and international scale, which do not receive significant attention or publicity. Particularly as the COP22 conference to be held in Marrakech approaches, this kind of conscientious, locally-driven initiative will be a powerful contribution to the dialogues and pledges surrounding COP22, showcasing the vibrant efforts of youth from all corners of Morocco who are raising awareness about and combating climate change.

Even though It’s hard to believe that the actions of one person can make a difference when a problem is global in scale. But even small acts of empowerment can have big results. And since so many things affect our climate, you might be surprised at all the ways you can make a difference!

You can take action. You can take steps at home, on the road, and in your office to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the risks associated with climate change. Many of these steps can save you money; some, such as walking or biking to work, can even improve your health! You can also get involved on a local or state level to support energy efficiency, clean energy programs, or other climate programs.

Water Education Workshop at SOS Village

Following the example of Dar Si Hmad’s project « Water School » in Ait Baamrane primary schools; EYAs broadened the project’s target by bringing it to SOS Children Village in Agadir.

The Water school project is an environmental educational project for youth in southwest Morocco.

Dar Si Hmad’s team implemented the Water School project  in order to help the children of Ait Baamrane villages benefiting from the fog project to cope with the new luxury of water at home, while learning about Morocco’s diverse climate, fauna and flora, through a series of seven classes on ecologically-sound water practices, developed into a curriculum of adapted hands on-activities that stimulate children’s curiosity and learning lust, based on the 4 pillars of Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM).

Following that of Ait Baamrane, The Water School at SOS Children Village consisted of one Saturday afternoon session with 40 kids, aged between 6 and 10 years old.

EYAs selected Lesson 6 of the WS curriculum: Water for Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH).

The activities of the session aimed to draw the children’s attention to germs; their existence, how they spread, the causes of contagion, before showing them the proper methods to wash their hands using soap and water.

The activities focused also on the importance of handwashing after and before specific activities every day, in order to avoid contagion.

As the curriculum is based on STEAM concept, SOS Village children learned proper use of water for sanitation and hygiene using microscopes and magnifying lenses to explore the miniscule world around them, their teamwork skills by helping each other wash their hands, their artistic minds to represent their interpretation of germs contagion, and EYAs example to commit to sharing their knowledge about proper sanitation practices with their community.

SDG #6 : Water and Sanitation

The sixth Sustainable Development Goal set by the United Nations to be achieved over the next 15 years is to ensure access to safe water sources and sanitation for all.

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The fact that water covers 70% of our planet drives us to take it for granted.

However, the fresh water we can drink and use in our daily lives represents only 3% of that water.

Even worse, around 1.1 billion of the world’s population still face daily challenges accessing one of their basic needs that is access to water, while 2.7 billion find water scarce for at least one month of the year. 2.7 people can not drink, nor bathe or cook food for at least one month.

The seriousness of water scarcity affects 40% of the world’s population, directly through the lack of access to clean water itself as well as sanitation services such as toilets, and indirectly through gender inequality, illiteracy, health threats and poor economic development.

Approximately half the victim population of the lack of access to clean drinking water as well as sanitation services are children, whose lives are affected on many levels.
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Searching for potable water, or what is often called “the six miles journey,” is the daily mission for over 2 billion women and children across the globe. Instead of taking their natural seats at schools, children (unfortunately especially girls) spend hours fetching and transporting water from miles away water pumps and wells. When girls do manage the time to go to school, the lack of sanitation services frequently drives them to drop out by the age of puberty, as their sanitary needs increase.

The water fetching occupation hinders schooling and prohibits the children from pursuing their future ambitions. This daily chore is also a real threat to their lives, as they often walk long miles unaccompanied, exposed to abduction, rape, abuse, wild animals and insect attacks.

Children are further exposed to water-based hazards from non-potable water or water sources that have been contaminated by water-borne bacteria. These WASH-related issues are responsible for the death of more than 800 children every day from diarrhoeal diseases linked to poor hygiene and fecal contamination. 

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A standard toilet facility in Dar Si Hmad’s partner fog villages in Aït Baamrane

In 2016, the alarms are already flashing crimson red, and the call for action is pressing.
The United Nations set this #6 goal because managing water sustainably will not just allow humanity to better manage food and energy production, contribute to decent work and economic growth, preserve natural water ecosystems and biodiversity, and take action on climate change – but also literally save the lives of 2.2 billion people who are currently dying every year, simply because they do not have clean, potable running water or adequate toilets.

Dar Si Hmad is promoted to improving WASH for the communities of Aït Baamrane, Morocco, and the world. Join us on the Road to Marrakech as we prepare for COP22, celebrate the work we do, and explore what is yet to do. 

SDG #4: Quality Education

The fourth Sustainable Development Goal aims to “ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”.

 

 

“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”
-Nelson Mandela
According to the UN, Quality Education means to:
  • Help poor countries benefit from better education.
  • Create equity education between boys and girls.
  • Encourage the students to be more creative and innovative.
  • Build peace in parallel with education.
As every country, minister, and responsible parent must know, education is a fundamental human right and essential for the exercise of all other human rights. It promotes individual freedom and empowerment and yields important development benefits. Yet millions of children and adults remain deprived of educational opportunities, many as a result of poverty.
Not long ago, education was only accessible to the rich, furthering a domination of this category of society. Girls often didn’t have the right to be educated like boys due to mainstream sexism, as many people – including parents – believe that a girl’s primary purpose is to get married at an early age and have children, take care of her family, and rely on men. For many poor countries (especially in Africa, Asia and South America), education for both sexes continues to be lacking.

 

Today, the world has changed with the help of technology. 99% of world’s families have television, so they can know what is happening in the world and get updates. It is increasingly possible for us to make quality education for all a possibility.

 

In Southwest Morocco, Dar Si Hmad has innovated many projects and programs to resolve the problem of inequitable access to quality learning and teaching.

 

The Water School is an environmental program which aims to educate schoolchildren about the concept of water, environmental conservation and sustainability using innovative teaching methodologies. This program helps children know what happens in their environment and learn about animal and plant biology, fog, the water cycle, and more.

 

The Water School includes a focus on girls in science, made possible by the fog harvesting project. Thanks to the fog water, women in rural Aït Baamrane don’t have to travel long hours in order to fetch a few liters of water. Girls are thus able to focus on their studies and no longer have to worry about waking up very early for water. This is helping encourage families to keep girls in schools, decreasing the region’s high female drop rate.

 

Last year, the RISE and THRIVE programs offered 120 young university students 8 months of professional development training led by very experienced facilitators and mentors. Participants acquired technical skills on information technology, project management, career planning and entrepreneurship. Learn more about this project here and catch some of last year’s highlights in the video below.

Last but not least, there is the Environmental Youth Ambassadors program – something I am part of. The EYAs are an environmental education & advocacy initiative driven by Moroccan youth, using visual storytelling to generate dialogue on environmental challenges & solutions. 7 young RISE participants have been selected to join Dar Si Hmad in tackling the world’s biggest problem, global warming and climate change. The EYA program aims to engage youth to add their innovative ideas to come up with solutions and strategies for climate action. Thus far, we have organized national online campaigns and 4 events in Agadir to spread and share our environmental message. These have included a “Film & Ftour” night during Ramadan, a “Clean & Green” garbage removal activity in Paradise Valley in Agadir, and a special lesson on water and health at the SOS Village for abandoned children. You can learn more about this program by following our Blog,Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Youtube.

Dar Si Hmad works to be part of the change through projects with a long-term vision. We are committed to next generations and believe that education is a vital part of creating a sustainable world.